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According to Sincere's History of the Sewing Machine, in 1949, a year after Leon Jolson started importing Necchis, Necchi Corporation USA began importing Elnas. Their free-arm machines complimented the existing Necchi line and Leon Jolson copyrighted the trademark "Necchi-Elna Sewing Circle" for use by his dealers.

Extensive Company History

Necchi Vibrating Shuttle Machine V

Serial #33007

Courtesy of Giuseppe Perlo

This model was produced from c1920. Same decals as the Model 80 (1927).

Courtesy of Roberto

This is a hand cranked Vibrating Shuttle Necchi model. It has the old style VN logo on the bed (Vittoria Necchi).

Necchi Model 80

Serial #52145

Courtesy of Giuseppe Perlo

A Necchi straight stitch Central Bobbin (oscillating shuttle) machine with reverse. It has a decorated faceplate and rear inspection plate and bears a blue and gold Necchi logo badge on the machine's pillar. Along the top of the arm it says SA Vittorio-Necchi-Pavia and the centre bed decal shows a winged goddess on a chariot and four horses. The BD (Bobina Domestica) was brought out in 1927 and the BDA (Bobina Domestica Articolata) in 1930. Needle: canu:22x10 - 15x1 - 705.

Necchi BD

Serial #79623, c1927

Courtesy of Manny Deluca

This is a Necchi straight stitch Central Bobbin (oscillating shuttle) machine. It has a decorated faceplate and rear inspection plate and bears a blue and gold Necchi logo badge on the machine's pillar. Along the top of the arm it says SA Vittorio-Necchi-Pavia and the centre bed decal shows a winged goddess on a chariot and four horses. The BD (Bobina Domestica) was brought out in 1927 and the BDA (Bobina Domestica Articolata) in 1930.

Serial #141673

Courtesy of Giuseppe Perlo

A Central Bobbin machine with full reverse. The red mark points out differences between the model BD (Bobina Domestica) and the Model 80. The arrow indicates the location of the serial number.

Necchi BC

Serial #50684

Courtesy of Margaret Larsen

An oscillating hook machine. The bobbin winder is a simpler design than the model BD, as is the tension assembly. The stitch length lever allows for back tack.

Necchi BDA

Courtesy of Giuseppe Perlo

The BDA (Bobina Domestica Articolata) was introduced in 1930.

The following BDA machines show the progression of changes to the model, highlighted in red. These include improvements to the lower bobbin winder, before its re-positioning on the belt guard, serial numbering position, surround to upper tension control, diameter of balance wheel, threading on face plate, embedding of rear inspection plate. Changes between models are highlighted with red dots or arrows

Necchi BF Nova

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

From the Nova Series. BF = Bobina Famiglia. Guaranteed by Good Housekeeping. Oscillating hook.

Necchi BF Mira

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

c1954. A straight stitch machine, oscillating hook, available as a cabinet machine or electric portable (supplied in a small suitcase). Built in universal transformer allowing the machine to be used on alternating current, ranging from 110-220 volts, 42-60 cycles. Two speed control (as well as variable control), built in light and mechanical needle threader. Every Necchi Mira carried a "without-time-limit" guarantee against defects or breakage resulting from imperfections in the manufacturing or entering into the manufacture and assembly of the machine.

Necchi described the colour as "soft grey finish". Mira machines have the added features of a built-in transformer, switch control, built-in light, mechanical needle threader.

BF = Bobina Famiglia.

The MIRA series of the Necchi BU constitutes the electrified version of the BU NOVA sewing machine, for technically the machines are identical.

Necchi BDU

Courtesy of Lila

The first Necchi domestic zigzag machine was RZZ (rotativa zigzag), followed by the BDU, then BU model and then the BU Nova.

Technically the model is almost identical to the later BU, but it has earlier decals, a spoked handwheel, larger bobbin winder, the stitch length regulator is a different shape, needle position and zigzag knobs are different, there's a big hole in face plate and small differences in tension and threading elements.

Necchi BU - Nova

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

The BU Nova was the treadle version to the BU Mira electric model and over time various features were modified. Zig zag, feed dog drops, no built in light.

It's possible that in the US Novas were upgraded by adding motors and lights.

A slight modification was made on the BU Mira sewing machine in comparison with the BU Nova by adding a different threading procedure. In order to avoid frequent breaking of the thread - in case the former system is used - it's important to follow the threading diagram. The middle diagram shows a loose insert page from a 1953 instruction manual, the other two diagrams also appear the same BU Nova manual from 1953.

Necchi BU - Mira

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

Zig zag, feed dog drops, built in light. The Mira series of Necchi BU is an electrified version of the BU Nova; machines are otherwise technically the same apart from a different thread guide hook.

The BU Mira has another advantage in having a two-speed control button. The Mira BU has a built in automatic transformer (available on request), to enable the machine to be used anywhere in the world using alternating single-phase current from 110-220 volts, 50-60 cycles, without substituting the lamp or motor. It is fitted to the right rear arm of the machine and uses a small driving belt.

To assist with accuracy of stitching a presser foot with crystal insert above it is provided. Twin needle sewing.

The BU Mira 103 is the same machine as the BU Mira but is mounted on a metallic base, has a knee control lever, an extension arm and a white-green fabric carrying case bound in tan leather. BU = Bobina Universale.

AZA Wonder Wheel

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

Called the AZA Wonder Wheel by 1955. This attachment offered, for the first time, completely automatic sewing on BU treadle and BU electric machines, leaving both hands free to move the fabric while the machine sews accurately and automatically. The AZA comes with a set of plastic discs; on each side of every disc is a groove of a particular shape which corresponds to a certain pattern. The AZA Embroidery attachment doesn't need to be removed to wind bobbins; the thread passes behind it. Different spacers were necessary for use on treadle models and electric models.

Necchi - BU Mira - Double Needle Sewing

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

Sewing with the Double Needle The double needle makes it possible to sew on the BU MIRA with two threads of the same color, or of different colors, at the same time, thereby increasing the variety and attractiveness of decorative seams that can be made with this sewing machine.

To sew with the Double Needle, the machine must be prepared as follows:

1. Insert double needle in the same manner as the regular single needle. Bring needle bar to its highest position by turning balance wheel toward you, then loosen needle clamp screw, remove single needle and insert double needle (with flat side of shank toward the right) into groove of needle bar. Push double needle up into clamp, as far as it will go, then tighten needle clamp screw firmly. Do not bend needles when inserting them into needle bar.

2. Substitute regular hinged presser foot with hinged double presser foot.

3.Substitute regular needle plate with needle plate for double needle. The above parts are standard equipment with all BU Mira machines, and can be found in the accessory box.

4. When sewing with the double needle, the lower thread, after having passed below the tension spring of the bobbin case, must go through the hole in the positioning finger of the bobbin case. The needle clamp, the race cover plate and the bobbin case can also be used for sewing with a single needle only.

5. For double needle sewing, the upper and lower thread tensions must be adjusted very carefully, as indicated in our instruction booklet. If the stitching is imperfect, even after careful adjustment of the thread tensions, the rear needle should be pushed slightly with a finger from left to right.

6. When sewing with the double needle, the machine must be threaded as illustrated.

NB: Sewing with the double needle can be performed also in connection with the Necchi AZA Automatic Zigzag Attachment.

Necchi Lelia - 510, 512, 513

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

"Economical, practical, simple, the Lelia 510 is the straight stitch sewing machines which you cannot afford to do without. It sews forward and reverse on any kind of fabric up to a thickness of 9/32" - makes hems and flat felled seams - darns - executes hoop-embroideries. It fulfills all of the most usual requirements of home sewing."

Serial #0204367

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

1963-1971. Zig zag. Movable throat plate. This model replaced the freearm Necchi Lycia 522 in 1966. The Lelia 512 cost £54 1s 6d in 1966.

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

(Necchi serial numbers often start with the model number e.g. 513). Oscillating hook mechanism. Zig zag/buttonhole. Three needle position. Feed dogs dropped by opening slide plate and pressing small lever. Circular sewing achieved by using a small rubber stopper in one of the holes on the slide plate.

"A sewing machine of great possibilities at an exceptionally low price. It sews straight and zigzag stitch, forward and reverse, with one or two needles, on any kind of fabric up to 9/32" thickness and on leather. It sews lace, sews on buttons, makes blindstitch, cordstitch, overcasting, hems, flat felled seams, darning etc. It makes many embroidery motifs by means of easy-to-use controls. Besides it is provided with the "magic key" which controls a special built-in device for the execution of perfect buttonholes in all sizes, without the need of turning the fabric."

Necchi NA - Nora

Serial #29-0018232

Courtesy of James

From the Nora series.

Necchi BU Supernova

Courtesy of The Monk

Produced from c1955-1958. BU = Bobina Universale. Grey/green & cream. Zig zag with the use of pattern cams. Supernovas have round throat plates which are turned to different positions for straight and zigzag sewing positions.

Necchi Supernova - Portable 103

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

"The Supernova packs neatly into a light, handsome case. It sews forward, backwards and sideways. It makes button-holes. It monograms, darns and straight sews. It oversews and finishes off... in fact it does everything you can think of. Ask for full details of how you can purchase a Necchi on the deferred-payments system. You will find hire-purchase terms extremely reasonable. Every Necchi cabinet is designed as a handsome piece of furniture, beautifully finished like the sewing machine it conceals. It is British made by first-class furniture makers. In a variety of styles and woods to blend with your furnishing scheme. The Buckingham: Desk model in a choice of beechwood, natural dark or nut-brown oak, or walnut. Burlington: Table model in a choice of natural or Jacobean oak, mahogany, or Australian walnut." London Office: 70/72 Jermyn Street, London SW1. Northern Office: Asia House, 82 Princes Street, Manchester.

Necchi Supernova - Free Arm 105

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

Necchi BF Supernova - Ultra, Ultra Mk 2, Julia

Serial #35-0334

Courtesy of James


Serial #32-0104196

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

This is the Necchi BF - Supernova - Ultra Mark 2. Movable throat plate. BF = Bobina Famiglia.

Serial #5340603771 (serial number starts with model number)

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

The Supernova Julia model 534. Uses pattern cams inserted in the top of the arm. Reverse. Zig zag. This model was designed by Marcello Nizzoli(born in Boretto RE,1887, died Camogli GE, 1969). Nizzoli was a futuristic designer for Olivetti, and designed the Necchi Mirella in 1957 and the Supernova Julia in 1961.

Necchi Lycia 522, 524

Serial #0032752

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

Free arm, zig zag. Feed dogs dropped with button in front of pillar. This model cost £72 9s in 1966 at which time production had ceased but it was available for two years and was being replaced by the Necchi Lelia 512 at £54 1s 6d.

Serial #0039931

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

Free arm, automatic, three cam groups for patterns. Feed dogs dropped with button in front of pillar. Twin needle sewing. Circular sewing device.

Necchi Mirella - 530

Serial #13(?)-0028625

Courtesy of Giuseppe Perlo

Straight stitch machine. The Necchi Mirella was available to use as an electric or manual machine. It was a free arm machine, with an extension that undid by unscrewing a button underneath. Internal light fitted inside the faceplate. The Mirella came in three colors: green, white or mauve (sand and pink).

This model was designed by Marcello Nizzoli (born in Boretto RE,1887, died Camogli GE,1969). The Mirella won the 1957 Compasso d'Oro. Produced until c1971.

Necchi Lydia - 544

Serial #544-0223158

Courtesy of Claire Sherwell

Serial number is found inside the flip down bobbin case area.

Necchi Miniature Machines

Courtesy of Giuseppe Perlo

This pawfooted, camouflaged cast iron based miniature machine weighs 2.1 kg! and measures 19x12xh14cm.

Compare the features with the white Necchi miniature.

The red dots are to highlight the differences from the Necchi Miniature Mimetica (camouflage) model. This model has a squared arm, a rear inspection plate and the mechanics underneath are different. It measures 17.5 cm x 10.2 cm x h.14cm. Weight 2.1 kg.

These little green Necchis are chainstitch machines (using a single thread). The case measures 16cm x 9cm x 12cm high. Without a music box. Needle canu 02:65 - 24x1 - SY1111 - DH01.

A miniature Necchi oilcan.

BU Buttonhole Machine

Serial Number No. U88752 - MG

Courtesy of Giuseppe Perlo

Patent No. 406501. With the belt in position 2 no buttonhole slot is made. Needles 16x73 - hole cutting by hand with knife punch. Comparison with the Singer 71-3.